Medical Egg Donation Cycle
The below briefly summarizes the medical steps taken during a donor egg cycle. These steps are a general overview and will be specifically tailored to your individual needs based on your consultations with the Vios Fertility physicians and clinical team. All cycle treatment will occur at one of their clinical and/or IVF lab locations.
Step 1: Preparation for Ovarian Stimulation
- In order to control the timing of the cycle, decrease the chances of cyst production, and synchronize follicle production (fluid-filled sacs that contain immature eggs), a donor may be placed on a birth control pill for one month.
Step 2: Ovarian Stimulation and Monitoring
- In a natural monthly cycle, the body usually releases one egg from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes. We aim to increase the number of eggs produced in order to give intended parents the ability to create multiple embryos for treatment. Ovarian stimulation increases follicle production, which in turn increases the number of mature eggs within the ovaries for an egg retrieval. To stimulate the ovaries, medication administered through a tiny needle injection is taken daily for average ten days.
- While on stimulation medication, regular morning monitoring via ultrasound and blood test is required. Ultrasound monitoring measures egg follicle growth as well as the increasing thickness of the uterine lining. Blood work monitors estrogen levels, which rise as follicles develop. Once follicle development and estrogen levels reach optimal numbers, the final medication step is a trigger injection. The final trigger injection allows the eggs to develop to the final stage of maturation and begins the process of ovulation.
Step 3: Egg Retrieval Procedure
- Prior to your egg donation IVF procedure, you will have the opportunity to receive acupuncture services to relieve anxiety and achieve optimal circulation for egg development. The egg retrieval will take place approximately 36 hours after the final trigger injection.
- During the 15-20-minute outpatient procedure, a donor is placed under sedation for comfort. Using ultrasound guidance, a needle is guided into each follicle and aspirated for collection. The amount of eggs obtained during a retrieval will vary based on a donor’s response to stimulation, ovarian reserve, age, and multiple other factors.
- After the procedure you will receive an additional acupuncture session to help decrease your anxiety and promote optimal healing.
Step 4: After the Procedure
- What to Expect – You will spend approximately 30-60 minutes waking up from anesthesia in our recovery area and will likely be a little groggy. Just before being discharged a clinical team member will review post procedure instructions and give you a care package to take home. Your IVF nurse will call you the day after your procedure to check-in and see how you are recovering. Some donors experience spotting, bloating, and mild discomfort after a retrieval. Most patients are fully recovered within one or two days.
- Wellness Evaluation – Approximately 1-2 weeks after your retrieval, you will have a post donation wellness screening to review your overall health at one of the Vios Fertility clinic locations.